Causes & symptoms

Pneumococcal infection is spread from one person to another by coughing, sneezing, or close face-to-face contact. It can also be spread through saliva (spit) when people share food or drinks. Babies and children can become sick through sharing soothers, bottles or toys used by other children.

Pneumonia can be life threatening. It is a leading cause of death and hospitalization among seniors and in people with longterm (chronic) diseases. Signs and symptoms can range from mild to severe and may include:

  • Chest pain when you breathe or cough

  • Confusion or changes in mental awareness (in adults age 65 and older)

  • Cough, which may produce phlegm

  • Fatigue

  • Fever, sweating and shaking chills

  • Lower than normal body temperature (in adults over 65 and people with weak immune systems)

  • Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea

  • Shortness of breath

  • Newborns and infants may not show any sign of the infection. Or they may vomit, have a fever and cough, appear restless or tired and without energy, or have difficulty breathing and eating.


Page Last Updated: 30/01/2021